5 Important Accounting Principles for Small Business Owners (Infographic)

Now that the business industry is starting to recover from the drastic loss it experienced during the pandemic, adhering to the accounting principles becomes important more than ever. Today, it is essential for every small business owner to be critical about how they manage and track their income and expenditures to ensure that their enterprise will continuously thrive and recover.

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Accrual Principle

This is one of the most important principles that, when compared to cash-basis statements, gives a much more accurate picture of your company’s financial situation. Public firms are required to use accrual accounting under the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).

Matching Principle

This principle emphasizes that income and revenue-related expenses should be disclosed at the same time. The main goal is for you to determine if there is a cause-and-effect relationship between income and purchases.

Economic Entity Principle

Keeping company and personal assets separate is one of the most critical considerations for small businesses. Failure to follow this principle if you are a corporation or a limited liability company could make virtual bookkeeping much more difficult, and pose legal issues.

Materiality Principle

This is principle states all financial transactions that could have an impact on business decisions should be kept tracked by the firm. Even if only a few transactions are recorded as a result, this provides a more complete picture of the business.

Going Concern Principle

If you follow the “going concern” concept, you should presume your company is in good financial shape and will continue to operate for the foreseeable future. Companies might use this principle to postpone recognizing certain expenses until later in the fiscal year.

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5 Accounting Principles Every Small Business Owner Should Know